Social Exclusion, Territories and Urban Policies (S.E.T.U.P.) - A Comparison Between India and Brazil

This project addresses some of the challenges faced by both Indian and Brazilian mega-cities, namely a severe housing problem, the spectacular growth of slums or favelas, spatial disjunction, rapid and socially contrasted peri-urbanisation and threats to the ecology. Public actors try to solve these problems through housing, rehabilitation or conservation programmes. Our hypothesis is that the evolution of these policies, in terms of their ideological background as well as their implementation, induces comparable social changes in the urban space, which raises similar questions. For instance, is social exclusion increasing? Are new conflicts emerging between spaces (centre/periphery) and between sectors (housing / 'natural' resources)?


Two topics constitute the core of the project: i) poor urban areas in contexts of social exclusion, urban splintering and globalization; ii) urban and peri-urban environment and their inter-relationships with poverty. These issues will be addressed through case studies in Mumbai, Delhi, Sao Paolo and Rio de Janeiro, and by examining two sets of policies: public policies regarding urban poverty for the 'treatment' of slums; and policies linking access to housing, poverty and conservation of the peri-urban forest. Three approaches, namely territorial, socio-political and legal, will be combined.


Analysing the issues at stake from these different angles and comparing the policies adopted in mega-cities of India and Brazil will allow us to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of exclusion and to better appraise the validity of the actions undertaken, and more generally to promote reflection and to better appraise the validity of the actions undertaken, and more generally to promote reflection on the urban policies, programmes and instruments employed.


For a detailed description of the project, download the S.E.T.U.P. presentation


S.E.T.U.P. Web site :


Funding sources

- Go to the website French National Agency for Research

Institutional partnerships

- Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CNRS-EHESS, Paris)
  • Participants :
    Nicolas BAUTES
    Manoj NADKARNI
    Marie-Hélène ZERAH
    Véronique DUPONT
    Emmanuel BON
    Marie-Charlotte BELLE