The purpose of this research project is to develop a methodology for appraising the equalization transfers and to appraise the specific Indian equalization scheme. As India is well-structured federation and a developing country, it seems to be a very interesting study-case. Indeed, economic literature have shown the crucial importance of public goods such education or health in the growth and economic development. The allocation of them amongst Indian citizens and states could be an important issue for an well-balanced and fair economic development. Thus, that highlights the importance of a better understanding of the redistributive properties of equalization transfers.