Palanpur is a small village in Moradabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was first studied by the Agricultural Economics Research Centre (AERC) of the University of Delhi in 1957-58 and then again by the AERC in 1963-64 to examine the impact of integrated cooperative marketing scheme. Both these surveys were part of the continuous village survey programme of the AERC which used to undertake such surveys in different parts of the country. Of these two surveys, the 1957-58 survey was fairly detailed and the quality of data collected was generally of very good quality.
Christopher Bliss and Nicholas Stern returned there in 1974-75 because, inter alia, they sought base-line data for examining some of the context, processes and impacts of the “green revolution”, which was focused on wheat in North India, and for examining some theories of land tenancy and the formation of wages. Whilst the focus of the survey in 1974-75 was primarily agriculture, in particular the functioning of factor markets and tenancy, the survey also collected data on various aspects of the village economy including features of the non-farm economy. Stern returned in 1983-84 for a more intensive study in which Jean Drèze and Naresh Sharma played leading roles; this had more detailed information on income; Drèze and Sharma also undertook a smaller-scale study in 1993. There was continuity with the first two studies in that S.S. Tyagi Jr, the brother of S.S. Tyagi Sr who carried out the first, 1957-58, study, was central to the data collection in 1974-75 and continued to advise for 1983-84.
The 1983-84 data set has been the baseline for the subsequent study not only because of the depth of the survey which went beyond standard agricultural questions but also the quality of data collected which was cross-checked and verified in great detail. The 1983-84 data are also enriched not only by the extensive qualitative data collected for specific purposes but also by the diary kept by one of the investigators, Jean Drèze. The 2008-09 and 2009-10 data collection was still more detailed than 1983-84. Also for the first time we have two consecutive years. It is the richest data set of the six. Its collection was led by Himanshu. Nicholas Stern has had the privilege of being directly involved in all four of the studies since 1974-75. Thus we have a detailed 100% sample study of key variables for every decade since Independence, and strong continuity of the researchers involved.
The 1974-75 and 1983-84 studies involved residence in the village for nearly a year in the former case and more than a year in the latter. The 2008-09 and 2009-10 data collection involved residence for two years. These extended periods of residence allow for much more detailed checking of data (often from ‘both sides’ of transactions such as land, credit, tenancy shares and wages), knowledge of the institutional and political context and direct understanding of the specific circumstances of individual households.
The 2008-09 data is now made available for public release. Data is made available at the level of households as well as individuals depending on the data type. While most data is being released for public, some data has been withheld for reasons of privacy and to maintain anonymity. The following data files are available.
- Basic Demography
- Child Labour
The data will be made available based on a research proposal to be submitted by interested researchers. The researchers will be provided data in STATA format or any other format that is requested by them. There is limited help file available for the data files. The help files will be updated in due course.